If you have a question about gardening in the Birmingham area, ask John. John Floyd has been gardening–and learning about gardening–for more than 30 years. In addition to his day-to-day experience in the garden, John has degrees in horticulture, plant taxonomy, and plant physiology from Auburn and Clemson Universities and was Editor-in-Chief of Southern Living.
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My first thought was if it is a fine silt and clay mix, how friable (crumbly when squeezed) is it? If the soil is not heavy, I probably would add organic matter, like spaghnum peat moss. Be sure and mix well whatever you add to your soil. If the soil holds water, and you think it needs better drainage, I think the sand would be fine. Just remember that once you get the soil mixed to the texture you desire, make sure that it has plenty of organic matter (avoid bark mixes and bark mulch). Compost is great for this, as well as processed cow manure (Black Cow brand is excellent). Send us some photos of the bed when things start growing.
This is not a good answer. There is not much you can do if the grass is greening up. If the grass is still dormant, spot spraying with roundup will get it, but you risk injuring your grass this late using this method. Hand pulling–which I don’t do–works, but the best thing is to apply a pre-emergence herbicide next fall at the proper time for the best control next spring. Until then, keep it cut and bagged, and suffer. See Controlling Poa annua for more details.
I have already started some of mine and will be doing more this week. See “Tending The Garden — February 23, 2015” for how I do it. Let me know if you have more questions after reviewing this post.
I moved mine outside yesterday, but if the temperature falls below 45 degrees I will bring them back inside. If they have been in low light, put them in a semi-shady area until the leaves adjust to the brighter light. By the way, I have a few small fruits already.
Really, I think it is too early. Wait until the end of the month, and then you can start them. By the way, I have a lot of success direct seeding them in my garden in early May. I work the soil, get it very well prepared, seed them according to label directions, and keep them moist until they germinate (come up). Once the true leaves appear, I thin them to about 3 to 4 inches apart and usually have flowers starting in June.
Yes, you can! Here is how I do it. Keep them moist, but not wet, while the flowers are blooming and you are enjoying them. Once the blooms fade, I cut the blooms off to encourage new leaves and shoots. At this point, if the temperature stays above 50 degrees, I put them outside in a shady area. Once the new leaves (shoots) appear, and the danger of frost is past, I plant them outdoors in partial shade or repot them into a larger container. In either case, if the roots are matted, loosen them from growing in a circle where they will establish a vigorous root system.
I haven’t written about them yet, but the Southern Living’s website tells you how they recommend doing it. I intend to do a post on this, but I just haven’t done it yet. Remember, unless you have bought a dwarf selection, they are small trees. From that standpoint, I remove crossed branches and limbs that are leaning, or destroy the shape of the tree, and enjoy their beautiful trunks, flowers, and size.
I would not. Here is what I do with mine. Once the foliage appears, I cut out the dead branches. My buds are swelling now and are coming into bloom. Remember, each bloom has the potential to be a blueberry. Once they have finished blooming, fertilize them lightly. If you want to prune them to control the size, I recommend you do it when they finish fruiting.
Very few retail stores sell them, but I purchased them last year at the Ace Hardware in Clay (close to Trussville). It is right off Interstate 20 coming from Birmingham. At Exit 141, go left and over the hill, and you will see the sign on the left. They carry bulk seeds, but my guess is they have not gotten them in yet. Many small-town, local hardware stores who carry bulk seeds are the only places I have seen them. You generally buy these seeds by the scoop or cup.
I do not grow fruit trees in my yard, because I don’t have enough room. But I know exactly who to ask to give you a correct answer: Arlie Powell at Petals from the Past in Jemison, Alabama. I called down this afternoon and asked if the apples and pears listed on the web site were his recommendation. The answer was absolutely. So, go to the Petals from the Past website. Then look at their online catalogue for the selections of fruit he recommends, if you want to successfully grow fruit at home that works for the Birmingham climate. Let me emphasize that growing perfect fruit at home is not easy, and you need space. I recommend that if you want to grow fruit at home that is easy and carefree, grow blueberries. If you can grow azaleas, then you can grow blueberries, because they are in the same family. Two tips: grow several plants in close proximity for maximum production, and grow the ones Arlie recommends, even if you buy them somewhere else.
I am not sure that decomposed granite is the right term. My guess it is ground or crushed granite. If that is the case it would be fine. Remember, garden paths with clean edges are more attractive.
Lots of things. First and foremost, most of us do not walk around and simply look at what we have and what needs to be done. If we do, that will tell us some automatic things that need to be done. In fact, I do this often. For example, if the shrubs are covering the windows, now is a good time to get them back in scale with the house. If you have areas that simply look bad, now is the time to rework them. Almost anything can be done now in the way of planting, pruning, and grooming the landscape. Just remember that plants grow, and they have times that they look good and times when they are not so great looking, so take that into account. A good gardening friend of mine said the other day, “I am not ready for Spring, because I still have so many gardening chores to do before Spring comes.”
Basically nothing. As wet is the ground is, and the snow acting as sort of an insulator, they should be just fine. But, as cold as it is, do not expect the seeds to germinate.
Now is the perfect time to prune roses, especially overgrown ones. It depends on what type of rose you are talking about. If it is one of the popular knock-outs or vigorous shrub roses, I would suggest you cut them to about half the size you want them to be, as they are vigorous growers. Roses, like the hybrid teas and floribundas, need to be cut back to about 6-8 inches tall, maintaining just the major branches. Go by the Dunn Rose Garden at the Birmingham Botanical Gardens, and see a good example of how the different types are pruned.
Well, they are really not the easiest plant to grow when it comes to the group of loropetalums in the marketplace, but they are definitely the smallest. When you purchase one and remove from the container, make sure the roots are cut several times vertically with a knife, where the water will be able to go into the root ball. As for containers, yes they do well if you give them proper watering and plant them in a good potting mix (not a potting soil). Place them in a filtered, sunny spot, and they will make a great looking pot mixed with summer annuals. — John